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The word & # 39; Medieval & # 39; Think of the popular story of King Arthur & his knights, around the famous round table. However, this is only a minor fraction of the otherwise expansive era of medieval art, given some of the finest works of art. The early medieval period of art stretched over 1,000 years and stretched geographically across Europe, the Middle East and North America. The productive Middle Ages witnessed the dawn of several important art stages, the Early Christian, Migration Period, Celtic, Byzantine, Islamic, Romanesque, Romanesque and Gothic, with each period further diversified into several other time zones. In short, Medieval Art is a mixture of several art movements, such as classical, early Christian and pagan art.
One of the most prominent periods in the history of early medieval art is the migration period. Artworks produced during this time were inspired by Germans and Eastern European people, who were dating from around the third century to the ninth century (300-900). The history of the migration period goes back to the third century, when the Roman Empire fell to the Germans. In fact, the number of Germans in the army increased and by the end of the sixth century, small & less politically organized but dynamic German empires, replaced the entire western Roman empire.
Despite cosmopolitanism, these German groups shared a common cultural background, & # 39; Mobile Art & # 39 ;, emphasizing the practical utility and function of weapons, tools, and jewelry. In fact, these works included portable personal embellishments that could be buried in the grave, as an act of restoration to dead spirits and protecting the living. The most important styles that dominated early medieval art during the migration period include "Polychrome Style", "Animal Style" and "Hiberno-Saxon style."
"Polychrome Style", derived from the Goths, in the Black Sea, included works of art such as gold figures and objects, adorned with precious stones. The most prominent example of this style is in the fourth century "Pietrossa Treasure" (Romania) in Romania, with a large brooch with gold eagle. Some other examples include a "polychrome sword" (fifth century), in the tomb of Frankish King Childeric I, "Visigothic polychrome votive crown" (c. 670) of the then King of Toledo, Recceswinth, and "Alemannic Belt Mountings" (seventh century) ), at the Weingarten.
Originally from the Scandinavia, Northern Germany and Anglo-Saxon England, "Animal Style" from the migration period was practiced in the fifth century. The artwork in this philosophy consisted of zoomorphic decorations with the application of "chip carving" to copper and silver. In fact, chip carving was introduced with this style. The artwork here depicted animals as twisted, surreal, exaggerated and / or fragmented body parts. These images filled almost all available spaces in the art medium, thereby giving the feeling of work. "Norwegian Vendel Sword Hilt", "Norway and" Fibula "(400-50 AD), Osland Island and" Gold Purse Lid "(625), Sutton Hoo, England, are some good examples of" Animal Style. "At the end of the seventh century, the style wielded a significant religious Christian influence and transferred the artistic essence from Germanic to the Mediterranean.
Another early medieval art style that belonged to the migration period was & # 39; Hiberno-Saxon Art & # 39; or & # 39; Insular Art & # 39 ;, reflected the & # 39; Animal Style & # 39; (German) and & # 39; Celtic Art & # 39; (Irish), especially on "illuminated manuscripts." "The style began at the end of the seventh century and continued until the ninth century. Some important Hiberno-Saxon handicraft works include" Texts with artwork "and" Carpets pages ", with reference to the ornamental the pages without text. The "Durrow book" (late seventh century) and "Lindisfarne gospels" (late seventeenth century or early eighth century), Northumbria, are the working examples here.
"Tara Broschen" and "Ardah Chalice" are magnificence of the Migration Period metalworking, which began in the seventh century. This early medieval technique blended the art of metalworking, ornaments, filigree and chip carving and rock crystal to produce a work of art.
"The High Cross", built mainly in Ireland, the United Kingdom and Scandinavia, tells the story ornate stone sculptures of the migration period, such as "Muiredach's High Cross," in Ireland. Chapter of the migration period in the book of early medieval art is definitely one of the most prosperous periods of all.